Past Modals – Video Tutorial – Quiz
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Practice the use of Past Modals
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1. Question5 points
Should have/ought to have/could have + past participle
Meaning – Regret and Blame
Task – Complete these regrets or complaints about the past using the modals in the brackets. Choose between the affirmative and negative.
- I didn’t prepare for the exam, so I failed it. (should). - I (should have prepared) for the exam.
- I didn’t go to college. Now I’m unhappy with my job. (should) - I (should have gone) to college.
- Sarah didn’t come to the meeting. She didn’t even call. (might) - She (might have called).
- I stayed up late last night. Now I feel exhausted. (should) - I (should not have stayed) up late last night.
- I didn’t plan a meeting with a client yesterday. It went bad. (ought to) - I (ought to have planned) a meeting.
2. Question8 points
May have, might have, could have + past participle
Task – Change these maybe statements to statements with may have, might have, or could have.
Situation: a student dropped out of a course after the first few weeks. These are some guesses about why he did it.
Example: Maybe he registered for the wrong section. (may)
He may have registered for the wrong section.
- Maybe he preferred an earlier class. (could) - He (could have preferred) an earlier class.
- Maybe he wanted to be in his friend’s class. (might) - He (might have wanted) to be in his friend's class.
- Maybe the class was too hard for him. (may) - The class (may have been) too hard for him.
- Maybe he got sick. (could) - He (could have got) sick.
- Maybe he didn’t like the teacher. (may) - He (may have not liked) the teacher.
- Maybe he found a full-time job. (might) - He (might have found) a full-time job.
- Maybe he had a lot of problems at home. (could) - He (could have had) a lot of problems at home.
- Maybe he left town. (might) - He (might have left) town.
3. Question5 points
Task – Watch the video clip, read a number of speculations about what could have happened when Evan blacked out. Fill in the blanks with the appropiate form of a verb.
- It could be that nothing serious happened. The bomb (might not have exploded) (might/explode). However, it’s more likely that something disastrous did take place. The owners of the house (might have got hurt) (might/get hurt). A few people (might have died) (might/die). A police officer (could have seen) them (could/see). The bomb (may have burned) the house down (may/burn).
4. Question6 points
Must have, had to have + past participle
Meaning – Certainty about conclusions
Task: Fill in the blanks with an appropriate verb.
- - I followed your directions to go downtown yesterday. I took the number 30 bus, but it didn’t take me downtown.
- - You (must have misunderstood) me. I said, “13”, not “30”.
- - Yes. I misunderstood you. I thought you said “30”.
- - It’s hard to hear the difference between 13 and 30. Anyway, you (must have had) a terrible day.
- - Yes, I had an awful day. When I got off the bus, I was totally lost, so I took the taxi downtown.
- - A taxi (must have cost) you over 20$.
- - In fact, it cost me 30$. So I wasted a lot of time and money yesterday.
- - I called you yesterday, but you didn’t answer the phone.
- - You (must have called) a wrong number. I always keep my cell phone on. What time did you call?
- - About 8 p.m.
- - Oh, I (must have been) in the shower. Why did you call?
- - I forgot already.
- - Then it (must not have been) very important.